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Flora And Fauna of Dudhwa: An In-Depth Look

by Nimisha Tewari 17 Oct 2023

Dudhwa National Park, situated in the Lakhimpur Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh, is a pristine wilderness that is part of the Terai region of the Himalayan foothills. It is renowned for its remarkable biodiversity and critical conservation efforts. Let's delve into the park's captivating flora and fauna.


  1. Woodlands and Sal Forests:

    • Dudhwa is characterized by extensive sal (Shorea robusta) forests, creating a lush, green canopy.
    • Sal trees are interspersed with species like sissoo, teak and khair. 
  2. Grasslands and Wetlands:

    • The park hosts vast grasslands, vital for the sustenance of herbivores like deer and antelopes.
    • Numerous oxbow lakes and wetlands, such as Banke Tal, enhance the park's appeal.
  3. Unique Plant Species:

    • Dudhwa features diverse plant life, including several rare and endemic species.
    • These plants are crucial in maintaining the park's ecosystems.


  1. Royal Bengal Tigers: 

    • Dudhwa is known for its Bengal tiger population, contributing to the global conservation of this endangered species.
    • The tigers are the apex predators of the park's food chain.
  2. Indian Rhinoceros: 

    • The park has successfully rehabilitated the Indian rhinoceros, which was once on the brink of extinction.
    • Dudhwa is one of the key strongholds for this massive, armor-plated herbivore.
  3. Elephants and Other Herbivores:

    • Dudhwa is home to Asian elephants that traverse the park's varied ecosystems.
    • Various deer species, such as swamp deer (barasingha), spotted deer and barking deer, roam these forests.
  4. Avian Diversity:

    • Dudhwa is a birdwatcher's paradise with a diverse avian population.
    • The park hosts migratory birds, waterfowl and raptors, making it an essential stop for ornithologists. 

Conservation Efforts:

  • Dudhwa National Park has played a significant role in the conservation of endangered species like the Indian rhinoceros and Bengal tiger.
  • The park collaborates with various conservation organizations and government agencies to safeguard its unique flora and fauna.

Visiting Dudhwa:

  • The best time to visit Dudhwa is from November to May when the weather is pleasant and wildlife sightings are more likely.
  • Visitors can explore the park through safaris and guided tours to witness its incredible biodiversity.

Dudhwa National Park is a testament to successful conservation efforts, highlighting the importance of preserving our natural heritage. Its extraordinary flora and fauna make it a must-visit destination for nature enthusiasts and wildlife lovers.

This overview provides a glimpse into the ecological significance of Dudhwa National Park and its remarkable biodiversity.

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