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Beyond Tigers: The Diverse Wildlife Of Ranthambore

by Wildlense Eco Foundation 20 Dec 2023


Ranthambore National Park, located in the Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan, India, is renowned for its tiger population, but its biodiversity extends far beyond these majestic predators. Let's delve into the diverse wildlife that calls Ranthambore home:


  1. Bengal Tigers:

    • Undoubtedly the star attractions, Ranthambore is home to a significant population of Bengal tigers. The park's topography, with its lakes and hills, provides an ideal habitat for these big cats. 
  2. Leopards:

    • Leopards, though elusive, inhabit the rocky terrain of Ranthambore. They are skilled climbers and often find refuge in the elevated areas of the park. 
  3. Sloth Bears:

    • Sloth bears are another highlight. Their shaggy coats and distinct markings make them a fascinating species to observe. They are often seen near water sources. 
  4. Indian Striped Hyenas:

    • These scavengers are adapted to arid environments and can be spotted in the park. They play a crucial role in the ecosystem by cleaning up carrion. 
  5. Sambar Deer:

    • The largest deer species in India, sambar deer, are abundant in Ranthambore. They are a primary prey species for tigers and leopards. 
  6. Chital (Spotted Deer):

    • Graceful and easily recognizable, chital are commonly seen in large herds. Their distinctive spotted coat adds to the park's visual appeal. 
  7. Nilgai:

    • The largest Asian antelope, nilgai, can be found grazing in the open grasslands of Ranthambore. 
  8. Wild Boars:

    • Wild boars are widespread and play a crucial role in the diet of predators like tigers and leopards.


  1. Indian Peafowl:

    • The vibrant plumage of the Indian peafowl, or peacock, is a common sight in Ranthambore. Males often display their feathers during the breeding season. 
  2. Crested Serpent Eagle:

    • This raptor is often seen soaring over the landscape, preying on snakes and small mammals. 
  3. Painted Spurfowl:

    • Ground-dwelling birds like the painted spurfowl are part of the avian diversity in Ranthambore. 
  4. Indian Grey Hornbill:

    • Hornbills are conspicuous with their large bills. They play a vital role in seed dispersal.
  5. White-throated Kingfisher:

    • Along the water bodies, the vibrant white-throated kingfisher is a common sight, often seen diving for fish. 


  1. Marsh Crocodile:

    • Lakes and water bodies in Ranthambore are home to the marsh crocodile, a formidable predator. 
  2. Indian Rock Python:

    • This non-venomous snake is a master of camouflage and can be found in rocky crevices. 
  3. Monitor Lizard:

    • These large lizards are often seen basking in the sun. They are important for controlling insect and small mammal populations.

Conservation Initiatives:

  1. Community Involvement:

    • Engaging local communities in conservation efforts, ensuring their participation and benefiting from tourism.
  2. Anti-Poaching Measures:

    • Implementing strict anti-poaching strategies to protect not only tigers but the entire ecosystem.
  3. Habitat Conservation:

    • Focusing on preserving and restoring natural habitats to maintain a healthy balance for all species.
  4. Tourism Management:

    • Implementing responsible tourism practices to minimize the impact on wildlife.

Ranthambore National Park, with its diverse ecosystems and thriving wildlife, stands as a testament to successful conservation efforts. Beyond being a haven for tigers, it provides a holistic habitat for a wide array of species, making it a crucial biodiversity hotspot in India.

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