Skip to content


Editorial Desk

Pilibhit's Wild Heritage: A Unique Terai Ecosystem

by Nimisha Tewari 09 Nov 2023

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve, located in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, is renowned for its rich and diverse ecosystems. Here's an exploration of the various ecosystems within this tiger reserve:

  1. Terai Grasslands: The Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is part of the Terai Arc Landscape, characterized by extensive grasslands and wetlands. These grasslands provide essential grazing habitat for herbivores and are a prime location for tiger sightings. 

  2. Riverine Ecosystems: The reserve is crisscrossed by several rivers and their tributaries, including the Sharda, Ghaghara and Suheli rivers. These water bodies provide a lifeline to the ecosystem, supporting a variety of flora and fauna. They are crucial for the survival of species like the gharial and mugger crocodile. 

  3. Mixed Deciduous Forests: Pilibhit's forests are predominantly mixed deciduous, with a variety of tree species. These forests provide habitats for diverse wildlife, including tigers, leopards, elephants and various bird species. 

  4. Wetlands and Lakes: The reserve contains several wetlands and lakes, such as the Chuka Lake, which serve as important breeding and feeding grounds for resident and migratory bird species. These water bodies also support aquatic species like turtles and fish. 

  5. Swamps and Marshes: The swamps and marshes within Pilibhit Tiger Reserve are crucial for the conservation of species like the Bengal florican, an endangered bird species. These areas are also important for the overall health of the ecosystem.

  6. Riparian Zones: The areas along riverbanks are known for their lush vegetation and are prime locations for spotting wildlife, including tigers, leopards and various herbivores. The riparian zones are vital for maintaining the overall balance of the ecosystem.

  7. Grasslands: Pilibhit is home to extensive grasslands, and these open areas are essential for the herbivores, such as swamp deer and hog deer, that graze on the vegetation. The presence of these herbivores, in turn, sustains the tiger population.  

  8. Dry Deciduous Forests: The tiger reserve also contains dry deciduous forests with tree species like sal, teak and bamboo. These forests provide shelter and foraging grounds for a variety of wildlife.

  9. Bamboo Forests: Bamboo forests are found in parts of Pilibhit and are crucial for species like elephants, which rely on bamboo as a primary food source.

  10. Meadows: Meadow areas within the reserve are used by herbivores for grazing and by predators as hunting grounds. The balance of meadows and forests is essential for maintaining a healthy prey-predator relationship.

The Pilibhit Tiger Reserve's diverse ecosystems are integral to the survival and conservation of numerous species, including the Bengal tiger, Indian rhinoceros and several avian species. This rich tapestry of habitats makes it an ecologically significant and biodiverse region, attracting wildlife enthusiasts and conservationists from around the world.

Prev Post
Next Post
Someone recently bought a
[time] ago, from [location]

Thanks for subscribing!

This email has been registered!

Shop the look

Choose Options

Recently Viewed

Edit Option
Back In Stock Notification
Compare ()
Product SKU Rating Description Collection Availability Product Type Other Details
Terms & Conditions
What is Lorem Ipsum? Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum. Why do we use it? It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using 'Content here, content here', making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for 'lorem ipsum' will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like).
WhatsApp Support
this is just a warning
Shopping Cart
0 items

Before you leave...

Take 10% off your first order


Enter the code below at checkout to get 10% off your first order


Continue Shopping
Recommended 6