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Diverse Flora And Fauna Of Corbett: What You Need To Know

by Nimisha Tewari 19 Jan 2024

Corbett National Park, situated in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, is renowned for its rich biodiversity. Let's delve into the diverse flora and fauna of Corbett, providing you with essential insights into this remarkable ecosystem:

Diverse Flora of Corbett:

  1. Sal Forests (Shorea robusta):

    • The park is predominantly covered by sal forests, which are deciduous trees providing a crucial habitat for various wildlife species. 
  2. Khair (Acacia catechu):

    • Khair trees, also known as catechu, are found in Corbett and are valued for their timber. They contribute to the overall floral diversity of the park. 
  3. Sissoo (Dalberia sissgoo):

    • Sissoo trees are commonly found along riverbanks in Corbett. They play a vital role in preventing soil erosion and provide shade for the park's diverse fauna.
  4. Bamboo Groves:

    • Bamboo thickets are interspersed throughout Corbett, offering not only a source of food for herbivores but also serving as a valuable resource for local communities.
  5. Chir Pine (Pinus roxburghii):

    • In the higher elevations of Corbett, chir pine forests can be found. These trees contribute to the park's diverse topography. 

Diverse Fauna of Corbett:

  1. Bengal Tigers (Panthera tigris tigris):

    • Corbett National Park is famous for its population of Bengal tigers. These majestic big cats roam the diverse landscapes of the park. 
  2. Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus):

    • The park is home to a significant population of Asian elephants, and visitors may witness these gentle giants in their natural habitat. 
  3. Leopards (Panthera pardus):

    • Leopards, with their elusive nature, inhabit the forests of Corbett. They are well-adapted to the varied terrains, including hills and plains. 
  4. Sloth Bears (Melursus ursinus):

    • Sloth bears can be found in the park, often seen foraging for insects and fruits. Corbett provides an ideal habitat for these unique bears. 
  5. Indian Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis):

    • The grasslands of Dhikala in Corbett are home to the Indian rhinoceros, a species known for its one-horned profile. 
  6. Himalayan Goral (Naemorhedus goral):

    • The park is inhabited by Himalayan goral, a small and agile ungulate adapted to rocky terrains and cliffs. 
  7. Sambar Deer (Rusa unicolor):

    • Sambar deer, the largest deer species in India, are abundant in Corbett. They are an important prey species for the park's carnivores. 
  8. Wild Boars (Sus scrofa):

    • Wild boars are common in Corbett and play a crucial role in the park's ecosystem as both prey and contributors to seed dispersal. 
  9. Mugger Crocodiles (Crocodylus palustris):

    • The rivers and water bodies in Corbett host mugger crocodiles, providing a glimpse into the diverse aquatic life of the park. 
  10. Diverse Avian Species:

    • Corbett is a haven for birdwatchers, with over 600 avian species recorded. Species include the great hornbill, crested serpent eagle and the Himalayan pied kingfisher. 

Conservation Efforts: Corbett National Park is committed to conservation initiatives aimed at preserving its diverse flora and fauna. Conservation programs focus on habitat protection, anti-poaching measures and community involvement to ensure the long-term survival of the park's biodiversity.

Corbett National Park stands as a testament to India's rich natural heritage. Its diverse flora and fauna, along with ongoing conservation efforts, make it a must-visit destination for nature enthusiasts, wildlife lovers and those seeking to experience the beauty of the Indian wilderness.

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